My Scripture Studies
Seek God. Engage with His voice in the Bible and start in the beginning.

August 19, 2008

613 Instructions for Kingdom Life

It seems we have a conumdrum.

The King James translation team missed it. It is perhaps the greatest translation typo of all time, a transliteration that has caused mass chaos and confusion since 1611.

In my Scripture studies, I found the meaning of the Hebrew word "Torah" and it was eye opening for me about faith. 

Faith operates on a totally different level than belief. Faith is what you do about what God has to say.

The "Torah" is what God has to say and does not match up too well with the modern English word "law" that we find plugged into every King James Bible and virtually any other translation of the Hebrew Bible. 

The missing truth is the meaning of the Hebrew word Torah.

I know that may sound strange to ears trained in Sunday school or church like mine were, but the "Torah" is not done away with. The Torah is God's word, it is His voice of teaching and instruction

In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said the teaching and instruction of Torah is not old or done away with but sadly many of us in a church pew miss the truth that God's voice and Spirit is not only the source code for creation, it the way of life in The Kingdom of God. 

Not one jot or tittle has passed.

Today, people are seeking answers, feeling that there has to be more and HalleluYah there is more. 

If you are seeking truth, you are being called by God's Spirit because we need to know God's word and its meaning for life in the Kingdom of God. 

If you have thought or heard the whisper, there has to be more. Listen to it. 

It is God's Spirit calling you. There's more to Kingdom life than a few verse snippets mixed with a feel good story here and there. 

Do you want to know God's will? 

Then seek what Almighty God has to say to you.

The Biblical concept for the word "Torah" is not "law" as we tend to think of it. As you've just seen it can be best summed up in those two words "teaching and instruction."

Good teaching is the leadership process of education. It's for our emotional well being and growth while intervening testing here and there so that we learn the truth and with the help of God's Spirit go beyond ignorance, opinion, tradition or misconception. 

Instruction is the action of teaching. It's the transfer of wisdom through knowing the right way. It comes from truth, wisdom, knowledge and understanding when we are led by the Spirit of God.

Teaching and instruction isn't exactly "law" unless you went to law school, is it?

The Torah (aka the teaching and instruction of God) can be thought of as the "constitutional" blueprint for life in the Kingdom of God straight from the voice of our Creator. 

It's the Father's standard for living in His image in set apart life. 

The Torah reflects the King's code of ethics for the Royal Priesthood on earth as it is in heaven. 

Doing Torah does not save you, it shows you how to live just as Yeshua and the exodus story is the pattern of Torah and Messiah. Doing is not for salvation purposes, it's about walking in the way.

Israel and the sojourners with them were saved from slavery and bought out of Egypt's oppression. That points to the big picture of what Yeshua has done to delivery us from sin's slavery.

On the way to the Promised Land, Almighty God told the former slaves how to be free and live in His image. The LORD spoke to everyone there, native born and sojourner and gave them His covenant outline, the Ten Commandments. He even wrote them down.

The LORD gave everyone His calendar and His appointments, He even told them how to eat healthy foods. Pretty simple, no big religious burdens, just Bible basics on living life set apart in God's image way.

The Torah of God connects heaven (God) to planet earth (mankind). That's what happened at Calvary during Passover almost 2,000 years ago. 

The Torah and The Prophets lay out a big message and point to Messiah's ground work for resurrection salvation while revealing the good news of Messiah, aka the Besorat HaMashiach.

The Torah is the written record of the oracles, the voice of the Sovereign Creator of the Universe for Kingdom life and Moses was the scribe. 

Despite what you may have heard, God's grace does not make a person immune to God's voice. On the contrary, it makes a person responsible to the Kingdom life of the Holy King of the Universe.

Here's one Bible basic that religion obscures, Moses wrote what God said about the Torah's purpose for everyone or anyone that chooses to live life and walk in the kingdom way of our Creator God. 

Technically, there's no Mosaic Law. After all, Moses was the scribe that wrote down what he heard from Almighty God. 

The Torah is the oldest, most published book on the planet, but it's much more, it's the life style image of the King's way for all Bible believers, all children of God that choose to follow The LORD. 

Moses gives us two witnesses in Deuteronomy 4:26 that this basic principle of teaching and instruction is for everyone. 

Moses recorded what God had to say about the identity of two living witnesses under God's Kingdom Torah:
“The same law [Torah] shall apply to the native as to the stranger who sojourns among you.” Exodus 12:49 
‘There shall be one standard for you; it shall be for the stranger as well as the native, for I am The LORD your God." Leviticus 24:22
Have you ever thought about what that means if you believe in The LORD your God whether you're Jewish or not?

I came to a life changing conclusion when I opened the front of the Bible.

After reading use a few chapters, I realized that the purpose of the Torah of God is to provide His teaching and instruction for all mankind, both Jew and non-Jew, native born and sojourner that want to live in God's image as it was intended from the beginning. 

I realized we all "get to" hear and do (shema) if we love The LORD. 

My conclusion came quickly and it shocked me.

With the help of God's Spirit we "get to" learn how to live life in God's image if we just choose to do it and follow The LORD God in His teaching and instruction for life in His Kingdom way.

We can walk in relationship with our Creator and with Messiah our intercessor and High Priest in the order of Melchizedek. 

Do you realize what God's Kingdom is? 

It's about walking in relationship with our Creator in the reflection of Messiah, the only one that walked and talked in the image of Almighty God on earth as it is in Heaven. 

Yeshua's focus was on the Torah of The Father and because of that He healed people, encouraged them and loved them. That image of God embodiment was the plan in the beginning for everyone and it's why the Bible tells us Elohim God made us [to be] in His image from the beginning.

That sums up a lot about Yeshua, the Jew from Nazareth and why He taught everyone to repent, to turn back because the Kingdom of God is near. Wherever He went, His focus was always on repentance back to what was spoken by The Father and written by Moses and the Prophet scribes. 

As good scribes they all wrote everything The Father had said without religious opinion. Yeshua understood that fully and its the reason He said: 
"All things have been handed over to me by my Father..."
To begin to understand what that meant, I had to make a left turn at Matthew, tear out the blank page dividing my Bible and study the Word of God from the beginning. 

That was my assignment, a what to do blessing from my earnest prayer request a few short years ago.

I knew what I had to do because I knew what I'd heard...  "Read My book, start in the beginning."

We all need to open our eyes and ears 
to understand that the Torah
is the instruction of our Creator. 
It's a gift of love and mercy for everyone
made in His image.

The voice of Torah teaches us how to live a blessed life. Yeshua used it as His "teaching and instruction" manual. Like I said that's why He said "All things have been handed over to me by my Father..." 

That's also why Yeshua warned religious people about traditions that add to the Torah of God's voice or take away from it as it is written.

In Romans 3:1-4 Paul taught that the world owes deep gratitude to the Jewish people, chosen by God to preserve the written "oracles" as the voice of the God. 

He's right.

Because of faithfulness to the Hebrew Bible by Jewish men and women, we get to read, and we get to learn how to apply God's teaching and instruction as God's principles for kingdom living. Indeed, the Kingdom is near. 

The Torah is not an Old Testament.

It's not old or done away with either, if you debate that, ask what would Jesus do?

What we all need to do is open and study the foundation five books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Then we need to study the Writings of the words of God given to the Prophets. 

Bottomline we need to read the very same Bible Yeshua read and taught.

Did you know the first use of the word "Torah" תּוֹרָה in the Holy Scriptures is found in Genesis 26:5?
"Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my Torah."
The second is found in Exodus 12:49:
"One Torah shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you."
I love my Jewish family, but is the Torah just for Jews?

From what I've read, its for everyone.

The word 'Torah" תּוֹרָה appears at least 219 times in the Hebrew Bible. 

The Encyclopaedia Judaica agrees to the proper understanding of the meaning of the word Hebrew word "Torah." It is not just "law" as so many think. It's the direction from God on how we get to walk and it includes the principles we get to follow for doing life God's way!

Just take look at this quote from pages 39-46 of Encyclopaedia Judaica Vol. 20. 2nd ed. 2007 by Louis Isaac Rabinowitz and Warren Harvey. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Detroit - Macmillan Reference USA:
"The meaning of the Hebrew word "Torah" is described as "teaching", "doctrine", and "instruction"; the commonly accepted "law" gives a wrong impression."
From this simple statement, we can all learn a life changing critical truth: the teaching and instruction of God shows us all that we need God's righteous instruction to be revealed to us.

In the Hebrew Scriptures, if we just look we can all find the words foreigner, sojourner, stranger and alien. These terms come from various translations of the Hebrew root word "ger." 

Hold onto your pew... in the Septuagint, the original and first Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, the word "ger" is translated into the Greek as "proselutos" or in English as proselyte.

Are you a proselyte to God's ways or a foreigner in your own way? 

Isaiah gives another definition to the word foreigner. In Isaiah 56:6 the Hebrew word translated as foreigner is "b'nei haneicha" and the Greek Septuagint use of that in Isaiah is "allogenes" meaning another race.

Are you running in God's race or your own?

Modern examples of "proselyte" in use today includes a person's choice to "convert" to religious belief systems such as Judaism or Christianity and so on, but the Bible is not a belief system it's a light to the truth spoken by Almighty God on how to live life in His image. 

Today, we think of a proselyte as a "convert" to a religion defined by men, but how is proselyte actually defined from a Biblical perspective?

Almighty God gives His definition as He describes it to Isaiah:
"Thus says the LORD,
Preserve justice and do righteousness,
For My salvation is about to come
And My righteousness to be revealed.
How blessed is the man who does this,
And the son of man who takes hold of it;
Who keeps from profaning the Sabbath,
And keeps his hand from doing any evil."
Isaiah 56:1-2 
“Also the foreigners who join themselves to the LORD,
To minister to Him, and to love the name of the LORD,
To be His servants, every one who keeps from profaning the sabbath
And holds fast My covenant;
Even those I will bring to My holy mountain
And make them joyful in My house of prayer. 
Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar;
For My house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples.
The Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, declares,
Yet others I will gather to them, to those already gathered.”
Isaiah 56:6-8
In the Bible a "ger" is a person that joins themselves to The LORD in relationship.

Our choice is to follow Him in worship, to minister to Him and each other, to love the name of the LORD and to be His joyful bond servants in love, not in merit. There's no way to earn eternal life for what we do.

The Torah point us all to Messiah. The reason, we all break Torah, we all sin.

The Torah is not religion because religion is from the opinions of men.

The Torah is the voice of YHVH Almighty God, El Shaddai our Creator, the first and the last!

So, we all need to think about something and open our hearts and our minds to the Spirit of God. If we choose to reject the teaching and instruction of Almighty God, then don't we profane His name thinking that the "Torah" of God is done away with and hung on a cross?

Do we reject that The LORD is not "I AM WHO I AM" ?

That's how Almighty God introduced himself to Moses at the burning bush revealing that The LORD God YHVH is the eternal One, the Creator who is unchanging and present at all times, past, present and future.

Think about that and ask the Spirit of God what our unchanging God has to say to you.

We all have to know a Bible basic. The definition of sin is the breaking of the Torah. 

That's written plan as day in the Newer Testament but due to transliteration and a religious opinion, we miss what the disciple John is really saying in 1 John 3:4 as he reiterates what's written in Deuteronomy 9:7 and Joshua 1:18.

Thank God, Yeshua HaMashiach, the embodiment of the living Torah is the anointed Savior connecting Heaven and Earth and we can receive God's gift of redemption and forgiveness of Torah breaking sin through His life blood, resurrection and intercession at the right hand of God Almighty as our High Priest.

We all need a wake up call.

If the Torah of God given to Moses to write down for all generations to know how to live life in The Kingdom of God was actually done away with, then sin doesn't exist because there's no way to break Torah if it's done away with.

If sin doesn't exist, who needs a Savior if there is no sin?

God's instruction is for life near Him 
has never been done away with.
 If it was there would be no need for salvation 
by God's grace and mercy!

We all need to know that our relationship responsibility in love and worship is to infuse The LORD God's instruction with faith just as Abraham did. Sure we'll drop the ball just like he did, but we have to have faith and believe God's promises.

When we do that, we get to learn that Almighty God gives us His teaching and instruction as a gift for living life in His image because He loves us!

We are all blesses as God teaches us His guidelines and principles about how we are to walk and follow in  the way of Messiah. As Exodus 12:49 says, God's Torah was given to all of mankind, perhaps that is why it was given in the wilderness of Mount Sinai. It's about our journey to the Promised Land.

What hit home for me is that the Bible teaches us that God says that He does not change!

Just check out Malachi 3:6. 

Forgetting that fact is the original message of the deceiver. It is the lie of the serpent in Eden. That snake in the grass is the original author of confusion and his lies subtly encourage us to doubt and "fall" for the idea that God does not mean what He says or that He changes His mind.

Think about it. 

The "fall" of mankind that began in Eden was a mistaken belief, a sin that God does not mean what He says. A lie that the Torah teaching is done away with. A lie that we are equal to God.

That was the original sin. After 6,000 years of this deception, you must know the truth is you don't have to listen to any serpent's lie any longer because God does not break His word. He does not change!

A Jewish man born in Spain by the name of Moses ben Maimon (known as Maimonides or Rambam), was a rabbi and physician. He lived in the middle ages and wrote a book Sefer Hamitzvot, translated as The Book of Commandments, did his best to summarize a list of all of the do and don't instructions of the Torah.

In doing so, his book complied 613 principles of Scripture that he included in his mitzvot book, but we must keep in mind that the Torah, the teaching of Almighty God is not just a checklist of do and don't. I am not knocking Rambam's list, just that we all need to know the Torah of God requires the spirit of truth and that is much more than a list of do's and don'ts. 

There's a heaven God reason for each of them.

Rambam listed 613 principles that govern the earth, some apply to priests, some to Levites, some to the Temple. If you study the list closely you'll even see some that tie to the image of Godly lifestyle when living in and some outside the Promised Land. 

Rambam was brilliant and hit the nail on the head. Not only are some of them appointed for living in the Promised Land, some of God's instructions do not always apply to every person. 

Some of them apply to men, some to women, some to children. In the land, some apply to the High Priest, others to Levites, other to priests, and still others to the High Priest. Some apply to the encampment around the Tabernacle or the Temple and so on. Others apply to the altar. 

That means about 400 of Rambam's 613 do and don't instructions he found in the Torah cannot be wholly kept by everyone.

Notice too, that some on Rambam's list are not direct Scripture quotes.

For example, he wrote that Deuteronomy 31:19 says each male is to write a Torah scroll. Maimonides said this because he followed a traditional religious teaching of his day that it is forbidden to write only a single portion of the Torah. 

Wow, that Halacha would mean we are breaking the law with Scripture "quotes of the day." That also means no Ten Commandment lists are proper. That would mean too that no list of 613 commandments can be written quoting the Bible!

Yet, the Bible says don't add to or take away from it. I'm not sure, Perhaps that was Rambam's hidden message.

The Bible teaches that writing a Torah scroll is a primary duty for a King of Israel that is chosen by God according to Deuteronomy 17:14-20. 

How many kings are there in Israel chosen by Almighty God?

Better yet, what King has The LORD chosen for His Kingdom and what is the assignment? To keep and do them. 

It's time to read the words of the Bible for yourself to find out who the Messiah King is. 

That is the Emmaus Road message of this website, read the Bible, study the voice of God, see Messiah and do what He did and didn't do.  

This is the duty of the King "chosen" by Almighty God according to Moses' sermon:
"And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites: And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them. 
That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel." Deuteronomy 17:18-20
So, let me give a word of caution, the words of the Bible should be our (soul) authority on God's Kingdom instruction, not just a checklist. We all need the guidance of the Spirit of God to see the light and live in the light.

In many ways Rambam did, for example, he was the greatest Torah scholar of his day and he was a physician. By the way, the doctor never turn away a sick person on Shabbat and he never turned away a suffering person whether Jew or Gentile. 

Rambam was a prolific writer and he wrote a fourteen-volume commentary called  Mishneh Torah. He drew from the Mishnah, the first major written collection of Jewish oral traditions known as the "Oral Torah." It does not follow the order of the Torah instruction, but follows a topical order with six sections. 

Interestingly, the laws of conversion to Judaism are not mentioned in the Mishnah. 

They are only noted years later in minor tractates or essays. The Mishnah teaches oral traditions by presenting actual cases being brought to judgment, usually noted with the debate on the matter at hand and the judgments that were given by notable rabbis over many years and established as a collection of Jewish Halacha or traditions where rabbis debated their opinions from the Hebrew Bible. Some scholars hold that there has been extensive editorial reshaping of the debates within the Mishnah over time.

The keyword is debate because there were and are many disagreements based on differing interpretations noted in the oral traditions most often by not linking them to written scriptural passages but on the religious views of rabbis often resulting in new Jewish laws as society changes over time. 
There are two primary commentaries on the rabbinic rulings found in the Mishnah, they are known as the Babylonian Talmud and the Jerusalem Talmud.

As for Rambam, he published his own a comprehensive commentary on the Mishnah in 1168 and condensed his views on the Talmudic debates, while offering his views on a number of undecided issues. Since Rumba's day, a number of prominent rabbis have continued to published their own views of those debates, but Rambam's is the most well known. 

In tractate Sanhedrin, chapter 10, Rambam lists "13 principles of faith" in which he summarized his views on the core beliefs of Judaism. 

They show the heart of this 11th century Jewish rabbi that sought to understand our Creator:

● The existence of God.
● God's unity and indivisibility.
● God's spirituality.
● God's eternity.
● God alone should be the object of worship.
● Revelation through God's prophets.
● The preeminence of Moses among the prophets.
● The written Torah that we have today is the one dictated to Moses by God.
● The Torah will not be replaced and that nothing may be added or removed.
● God's awareness of human actions.
● Reward of good and punishment of evil.
● The coming of the Messiah, and
● The resurrection of the dead.

These 13 interpretations of Torah have very good intent, so I have included them here, yet ultimately the written Torah is the constitution of the Kingdom of God and it reveals the identity and role of King Messiah. Combined with history as we know it, the front and back of the Bible confirms the spirit-filled teaching and Torah walk of Yeshua of Nazareth and the promise of resurrection just like Rambam taught.

Rambam's compilation of do's and don'ts consists of 365 negative (-Do Not Do) and 248 positive (+Do) teachings for constitution life in the Kingdom of God on earth as it is in heaven. Rambam learned this from the teaching of another rabbi, his name was rabbi Simlai. He was a 4th century Jewish "sage" that lived in the land we now know is Israel. 

My view, we all need to be sages. We all need read and study God's Word and hear the voice. However, we all need to zero in on what was written by Moses, the Prophets and the Writings, not add to it or take away from them with religious opinion. 

At the same time, we have to always keep in mind that the voice that matters most is God's mountaintop message and not add in or take away from it with tradition or debate.

That's what Yeshua taught quoting Isaiah's warning in Mark 7 when He addressed the traditions of "the elders" on ceremonial hand washing a a religious requirement before eating. You can find that in Mark 7:5 yet the tradition is found over 300 times in the Talmud. 

Yeshua also addressed a tradition in Mark 7:11-13 that may point to this ruling that developed later in the Gemara of the Baylonian Talmud. It says: "If one wrote: "I bequeath my estate to my son from today, and after my death," he has no longer any right to sell his estate, because it is bequeathed to his son..." (Babylonian Talmud, Book 7 Baba Bathra (Last Gate) Mishna X). 

We don't know all the circumstances, but it seems that Yeshua was addressing the need of an elderly father to sell property for income needed for survival, but it was prohibited by this son due to rabbinic rule on inheritance rights. 

Think about that. It means that after writing a will in Yeshua's day, a father could not downsize his home to create funds for retirement. 

But think about it. In a way, that Halacha dishonors one's parents.

If that bothers you, don't throw any stones. If you say you are a Christian, consider the 1,800 year church tradition that says the Sabbath was changed and the Torah has been done away. If that's true, then honoring one's parents can be tossed out the window of grace too, no problem.


If you are still with me, before you read Rambam's list, consider that doing one or keeping all of the commandments and statutes does not bring eternal life resurrection and earn redemption from sin. 

After all, only Almighty God gives resurrection salvation as an unmerited gift of His mercy and grace through His eternal lovingkindness and power as the Creator of life.

Look in most any dictionary and you'll find the Hebrew word mitzvah (commandments) or mitzvot (commandment) represents a command from God to be performed as a "religious duty." 

That's not quite hitting the bullseye, after all, check the dictionary and you'll see "religion" is a personal belief system. Yet, people's beliefs vary and shift with the times. 

The thing is God is not a belief, God is Almighty. He does not change.

Religion is why there are three main divisions in Christianity including Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant. Among those, there are thousands of denominational beliefs. Not only that, there are three main Jewish groups. They are Orthodox, Conservative and Reformed, but then there are others too. They include Modern Orthodox, Ultra-Orthodox, Karaite, Hasidic, non-Hasidic and more.

The mitzvah reality is God's reality. You can choose to follow The LORD God Creator of the universe and do life His way or your way. You have the choice, live in His image as it was intended form the beginning out of reverence, honor, awe and respect that starts with love, or not.

Kingdom people "get to" keep and live by the almighty voice of the Holy One that created the universe and gave us His own mitzvah way for our benefit, blessing and life. 

To choose to follow the voice of the our Creator God is not a religion, it's a choice to live in His image.

The Father promises to bless us if we choose to live life under His house rules, if we do not we are striving against His heavenly way of life and we'll bring the opposite of blessings on ourselves.

Curses are not God's vindication against us, they are the warnings of a loving Father.

Take note if you read the Jewish sage's 613 principles of living, and you will notice that all except some 90 or so of them are specific to the Tabernacle and its services. 

Ninety (90) things to do or not do, that's not a big list and they all boil down to ten which boil down to two.

Love your Creator God and love your fellow man like He does. 

No wonder Jesus, aka Yeshua said, My burden is light, easy, if you love me do them. 

Matthew 22:37 tell us why:
"Master, which [is] the great commandment in the law (Torah)? Yeshua said unto him, Thou shall love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind."
Like ALL of Yeshua's teachings that explain the Torah and The Prophets, this Torah is from the written declaration of God at Mount Sinai. 

Moses wrote this in Deuteronomy 6:5...
"And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might."
Yeshua (Jesus) summed the Torah of the Bible in this way:
"This is the first and great commandment. And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. 
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets."
So much for the religion of hanging the Torah on the cross saying it was done away with.

There's another Torah message that Yeshua taught and it is recorded plainly in the text of another story found in the "Newer Testament." It's the mitzvoth noted by our Master Rabbi and Torah teacher that says: "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." 

It should ne no surprise, it is straight from Leviticus 19:18.

Paul, never turned on Torah, he says s in Romans 3:31, "God forbid" that faith never voids the Torah!
Do we then make void the law (Torah) through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law (Torah). Romans 3:31
There's a good reason Paul wrote that.

It's an admonition for all to see that faith is integral to God's teaching and instruction. 

Here are twelve witnesses from the Bible where God's teaching and instruction (Torah) is described:
1. Psalms 119:142 truth
2. Romans 7:14 spirit
3. Proverbs 13:14 life
4. James 1:25 freedom
5. Isaiah 8:20 light
6. Nehemiah 9:13 good
7. Romans 7:12 holy
8. Psalms 119:44-45 eternal
9. Psalms 19:7-10 perfect
10. Proverbs 6:23 the way of life
11. Galatians 5:14 love
12. Exodus 12:49 for everyone
While we're at it, don't forget, proper translation is critical to our understanding.

We proved that by looking at the word "Torah." o, consider John 13:34-35:
"A 'new' commandment I give unto you, That you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this shall all [men] know that you are my disciples, if ye have love one to another."
Did you know that the word here seen as 'new' is the Greek word "kainos"? 

The core meaning it conveys is not just new, it's the substance of something that is "unworn" - not worn out! 

That's not a "new" commandment it's one that's never worn out!

What I've learned in my Scripture studies is that what Yeshua (Jesus) taught is profound, and like the Torah He lived out, it's for everyone. 

Yeshua is teaching that the instructions of Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 18:19 are NOT worn out like old faded and torn clothes. 

They are never to be kept on a bookshelf or tabletop to collect dust. 

They are never to be thrown away. 

They don't wear out.

The truth in Yeshua's message is simple: we are to always to wear God's ways as our way!! 

We must all know and believe the eternal, unchanging Biblical truth.

Yeshua did. He worn the truth of Torah as His own and said:
John 5:46 If you had believed Moses, you would believe Me... for he wrote of me.
Matthew 4:4 It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God. 
John 14:15: If you love me, keep my commandments.

John 15:10-13: If you keep my commandments, you shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in His love. These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and [that] your joy might be full. This is my commandment, That you love one another, as I have loved you. 
Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.

1John 5:2-3: By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep His commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous. (Quoted right out of Deuteronomy 30:11)

1John 2:3-5: And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that says, I know him, and keeps not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But whoso keeps His word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him.

1John 3:24: And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth in him, and he in Him. And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.

2John 1:6: And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is the commandment, That, as you have heard from the beginning, you should walk in it.

Revelation 14:12: Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Yeshua.

Revelation 22:14: Blessed [are] they that do His commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
While reading the words of Almighty God in the Scriptures, ask yourself two basic questions regarding God's teaching and instruction Torah:
1) What application does God's teaching and instruction have to show and demonstrate that I love Him and how do I worship Him as He wants me to? 

2) What application does God's teaching and instruction have for me to show other people today that I love and want to care for them?
Many are familiar with this but don't get it: 
"Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Matthew 28:19-20
If you follow Jesus, do you know what He commanded?

The following list shows the 613 commandments listed by Rambam in the 12th century when he was known as Rabbi Mosheh ben Maimon. Note the added Scripture references. While he may have not gotten his list just right, we must remember, the Bible MUST BE our source, not a man-made list.

Ultimately the Spirit of God must be our teacher according to Yeshua's words in John 14:25-27. 
"These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your hearts be troubled, neither let them be afraid."
If you're thinking this is something new, well think again as your read the words of the prophet Nehemiah:
“You gave Your good Spirit to instruct them,
Your manna You did not withhold from their mouth,
And You gave them water for their thirst." Nehemiah 9:20
Please keep this in mind as you review the list, that Rambam's effort is honorable and valiant. It' well worth study and observance:

+ To know He is God Exodus 20:2
- Not to entertain thoughts of others idols, only Him Exodus 20:3
+ To know that He is One Deuteronomy 6:4
+ To love Him Deuteronomy 6:5
+ To fear Him Deuteronomy 10:20
+ To sanctify His Name Leviticus 22:32
- Not to profane His Name Leviticus 22:32
- Not to destroy objects associated with His Name Deuteronomy 12:4
+ To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name Deuteronomy 18:15
- Not to test the prophet unduly Deuteronomy 6:16
+ To emulate His ways Deuteronomy 28:9
+ To cleave to those who know Him Deuteronomy 10:20
+ To love others Leviticus 19:18
+ To love believers Deuteronomy 10:19
- Not to hate fellow brothers Leviticus 19:17
+ To reprove a sinner Leviticus 19:17
- Not to embarrass others Leviticus 19:17
- Not to oppress the weak Exodus 21:22
- Not to speak derogatorily of others Leviticus 19:16
- Not to take revenge Leviticus 19:18
- Not to bear a grudge Leviticus 19:18
+ To learn Torah Deuteronomy 6:7
+ To honor those who teach and know Torah Leviticus 19:32
- Not to inquire into idolatry Leviticus 19:4
- Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see Numbers 15:39
- Not to blaspheme Exodus 22:28
- Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped Exodus 20:5
- Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God Exodus 20:5
- Not to make an idol for yourself Exodus 20:4
- Not to make an idol for others Leviticus 19:4
- Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes Exodus 20:20
- Not to turn a city to idolatry Exodus 23:13
+ To burn a city that has turned to idol worship Deuteronomy 13:17
- Not to rebuild it as a city Deuteronomy 13:17
- Not to derive benefit from it Deuteronomy 13:18
- Not to missionize an individual to idol worship Deuteronomy 13:12
- Not to love the idolator Deuteronomy 13:9
- Not to cease hating the idolator Deuteronomy 13:9
- Not to save the idolator Deuteronomy 13:9
- Not to say anything in his defense Deuteronomy 13:9
- Not to refrain from incriminating him Deuteronomy 13:9
- Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry Deuteronomy 13:14
- Not to listen to a false prophet Deuteronomy 13:4
- Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God Deuteronomy 18:20
- Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet Deuteronomy 18:22
- Not to swear in the name of an idol Exodus 23:13
- Not to perform ov (medium) Leviticus 19:31
- Not to perform yidoni ("magical seer") Leviticus 19:31
- Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech Leviticus 18:21
- Not to erect a column in a public place of worship Deuteronomy 16:22
- Not to bow down on smooth stone Leviticus 26:1
- Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard Deuteronomy 16:21
+ To destroy idols and their accessories Deuteronomy 12:2
- Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories Deuteronomy 7:26
- Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols Deuteronomy 7:25
- Not to make a covenant with idolaters Deuteronomy 7:2
- Not to show favor to them Deuteronomy 7:2
- Not to let them dwell in the land of Israel Exodus 23:33
- Not to imitate them in customs and clothing Leviticus 20:23
- Not to be superstitious Leviticus 19:26
- Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. Deuteronomy 18:10
- Not to engage in astrology Leviticus 19:26
- Not to mutter incantations Deuteronomy 18:11
- Not to attempt to contact the dead Deuteronomy 18:11
- Not to consult the wizard, charmer Deuteronomy 18:11
- Not to consult the palm reader Deuteronomy 18:11
- Not to perform acts of magic Deuteronomy 18:10
- Men must Not shave the hair off the sides of their head Leviticus 19:27
- Men must Not shave their beards with a razor Leviticus 19:27
- Men must Not wear women's clothing Deuteronomy 22:5
- Women must Not wear men's clothing Deuteronomy 22:5
- Not to tattoo the skin Leviticus 19:28
- Not to tear the skin in mourning Deuteronomy 14:1
- Not to make a bald spot in mourning Deuteronomy 14:1
+ To repent and confess wrongdoings Deuteronomy 6:7
+ To teach your children daily Deuteronomy 6:7
+ To serve the Almighty with prayer daily Exodus 23:25
+ The Kohanim (Priests) must bless people daily Numbers 6:23
+ To learn Torah Deuteronomy 6:8
+ To do Torah Deuteronomy 6:8
+ To put a mezuzah on each door post promote Torah Deuteronomy 6:9
+ Each male must write a Torah scroll study Torah Deuteronomy 31:19
+ The king must have a separate Torah for himself Deuteronomy 17:18
+ To have blue threaded tzitzit on four-cornered garments Numbers 15:38
+ To bless the Almighty after eating Deuteronomy 8:10
+ To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth Leviticus 12:3
+ To rest on the seventh day, the Sabbath Exodus 23:12
- Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day Exodus 20:10
- The court must Not inflict punishment on Sabbath Exodus 35:3
- Not to walk outside the city boundary on Sabbath Exodus 16:29
+ To sanctify the Sabbath Exodus 20:8
+ To rest from prohibited labor Leviticus 23:32
- Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippurim - Atonements Day Leviticus 23:32
+ To afflict yourself on Yom Kippurim - Atonements Day Leviticus 16:29
- Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippurim - Atonements Day Leviticus 23:29
+ To rest on the first day of Passover Leviticus 23:7
- Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover Leviticus 23:8
+ To rest on the seventh day of Passover Leviticus 23:8
- Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover Leviticus 23:8
+ To rest on Shavout-Pentecost Day Leviticus 23:21
- Not to do prohibited labor on Shavout-Pentecost Day Leviticus 23:21
+ To rest on Trumpets Day Leviticus 23:24
- Not to do prohibited labor on Trumpets Day Leviticus 23:25
+ To rest on Sukkot Leviticus 23:35
- Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot Leviticus 23:35
+ To rest on Shmini Atzeret - 8th day of Tabernacles Leviticus 23:36
- Not to do prohibited labor on Shmini Atzeret - 8th day of Tabernacles Leviticus 23:36
- Not to eat chametz yeast on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nisan eve of Passover Deuteronomy 16:3
+ To destroy all chametz (yeast) on 14th day of Nisan (Passover) Exodus 12:15
- Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover Exodus 13:3
- Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover Exodus 12:20
- Not to see chametz in your domain seven days Exodus 13:7
- Not to find chametz in your domain seven days Exodus 12:19
+ To eat matzah on the first night of Passover Exodus 12:18
+ To relate the Exodus from Egypt on that night Exodus 13:8
+ To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Trumpets Day) Numbers 9:1
+ To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot Leviticus 23:42
+ To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days Leviticus 23:40
+ Each man must give a half shekel annually Exodus 30:13
+ Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins Exodus 12:2
+ To cry out before God in times of catastrophe Numbers 10:9
+ To marry a wife and not love her requires intervention Deuteronomy 22:13
- Not to have sexual relations with women Not thus married Deuteronomy 23:18
- Not to withhold food, clothing, and sexual relations from your wife Exodus 21:10
+ To have children with one's wife Genesis 1:28
+ To issue a divorce by means of a get document Deuteronomy 24:1
- A man must Not remarry his wife after she has married someone else Deuteronomy 24:4
+ To do yibbum (marry the widow of one's childless brother) Deuteronomy 25:5
+ To do chalitzah (free the widow of one's childless brother from yibbum) Deuteronomy 25:9
- The widow must Not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed Deuteronomy 25:5
+ The court must fine one who sexually seduces a maiden Exodus 22:15-16
+ The rapist must marry the maiden (if she chooses) Deuteronomy 22:29
+ He is never allowed to divorce her Deuteronomy 22:29
+ The slanderer must remain married to his wife Deuteronomy 22:19
- He must Not divorce her Deuteronomy 22:19
+ To fulfill the laws of the Sotah - the woman suspected of adultery Numbers 5:30
- Not to put oil on her meal offering Numbers 5:15
- Not to put frankincense on her meal offering Numbers 5:15
- Not to have sexual relations with your mother Leviticus 18:7
- Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife Leviticus 18:8
- Not to have sexual relations with your sister Leviticus 18:9
- Not to have sexual relations with your father's wife's daughter Leviticus 18:11
- Not to have sexual relations with your son's daughter Leviticus 18:10
- Not to have sexual relations with your daughter Leviticus 18:10
- Not to have sexual relations with your daughter's daughter Leviticus 18:10
- Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter Leviticus 18:17
- Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her son's daughter Leviticus 18:17
- Not to have sexual relations with a woman and her daughter's daughter Leviticus 18:17
- Not to have sexual relations with your father's sister Leviticus 18:12
- Not to have sexual relations with your mother's sister Leviticus 18:13
- Not to have sexual relations with your father's brother's wife Leviticus 18:14
- Not to have sexual relations with your son's wife Leviticus 18:15
- Not to have sexual relations with your brother's wife Leviticus 18:16
- Not to have sexual relations with your wife's sister Leviticus 18:18
- A man must Not have sexual relations with a beast Leviticus 18:23
- A woman must Not have sexual relations with a beast Leviticus 18:23
- Not to have homosexual sexual relations Leviticus 18:22
- Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father Leviticus 18:7
- Not to have homosexual sexual relations with your father's brother Leviticus 18:14
- Not to have sexual relations with someone else's wife Leviticus 18:20
- Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman Leviticus 18:19
- Not to marry non-believers Deuteronomy 7:3
- Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the people Deuteronomy 23:4
- Don't keep a third-generation Egyptian convert from marrying into the people of Israel Deuteronomy 23:8-9
- Not to refrain from marrying a third generation Edomite convert Deuteronomy 23:8-9
- Not to let a mamzer (a child born to an adulterous married woman) marry into the family Deuteronomy 23:3
- Not to let a eunuch marry Deuteronomy 23:2
- Not to offer to God any castrated male animals Leviticus 22:24
+ The High Priest must Not marry a widow Leviticus 21:14
+ The High Priest must Not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage Leviticus 21:15
+ The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden Leviticus 21:13
- A Kohen must Not marry a divorcee Leviticus 21:7
- A Kohen must Not marry a zonah (a woman who has had a forbidden sexual relationship) Leviticus 21:7
- A priest must Not marry a chalalah ("a desecrated person") ( Leviticus 21:7
- Not to make pleasurable (sexual) contact with any forbidden woman Leviticus 18:6
+ To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Leviticus 11:2
+ To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Deuteronomy 14:11
+ To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Leviticus 11:9
+ To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher Leviticus 11:21
- Not to eat non-kosher animals Leviticus 11:4
- Not to eat non-kosher fowl Leviticus 11:13
- Not to eat non-kosher fish Leviticus 11:11
- Not to eat non-kosher flying insects Deuteronomy 14:19
- Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land Leviticus 11:41
- Not to eat non-kosher maggots Leviticus 11:44
- Not to eat worms found in fruit on the ground Leviticus 11:42
- Not to eat creatures that live in water other than (kosher) fish Leviticus 11:43
- Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter Deuteronomy 14:21
- Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned Exodus 21:28
- Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded Exodus 22:30
- Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature Deuteronomy 12:23
- Not to eat blood Leviticus 3:17
- Not to eat certain fats of clean animals Leviticus 3:17
- Not to eat the sinew of the thigh Genesis 32:33
- Not to eat meat and milk cooked together Exodus 23:19
- Not to cook meat and milk together Exodus 34:26
- Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer Leviticus 23:14
- Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer Leviticus 23:14
- Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer Leviticus 23:14
- Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years Leviticus 19:23
- Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard Deuteronomy 22:9
- Not to eat untithed fruits Leviticus 22:15
- Not to drink wine poured in service to idols Deuteronomy 32:38
+ To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it Deuteronomy 12:21
- Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day Leviticus 22:28
+ To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth Leviticus 17:13
- Not to take the mother bird from her children Deuteronomy 22:6
+ To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest Deuteronomy 22:7
- Not to swear falsely in God's Name Leviticus 19:12
- Not to take God's Name in vain Exodus 20:6
- Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you Leviticus 19:11
- Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim Leviticus 19:11
+ To swear in God's Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court Deuteronomy 10:20
+ To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed Deuteronomy 23:24
- Not to break oaths or vows Numbers 30:3
+ For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah Numbers 30:3
+ The Nazir - Nazarite must let his hair grow Numbers 6:5
- He must Not cut his hair Numbers 6:5
- He must Not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar Numbers 6:3
- He must Not eat fresh grapes Numbers 6:3
- He must Not eat raisins Numbers 6:3
- He must Not eat grape seeds Numbers 6:4
- He must Not eat grape skins Numbers 6:4
- He must Not be under the same roof as a corpse Numbers 6:6
- He must Not come into contact with the dead Numbers 6:7
+ He must shave after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period Numbers 6:9
+ To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah Leviticus 27:2
+ To estimate the value of consecrated animals Leviticus 27:12-13
+ To estimate the value of consecrated houses Leviticus 27:14
+ To estimate the value of consecrated fields Leviticus 27:16
+ Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) as in annilation of the six tribes Leviticus 27:28
- Not to sell the things dedicated to God Leviticus 27:28
- Not to redeem things dedicated to God Leviticus 27:28
- Not to plant diverse seeds together Leviticus 19:19
- Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard Deuteronomy 22:9
- Not to crossbreed animals Leviticus 19:19
- Not to work different animals together Deuteronomy 22:10
- Not to wear shatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen Deuteronomy 22:11
+ To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor Leviticus 19:10
- Not to reap that corner Leviticus 19:9
+ To leave gleanings Leviticus 19:9
- Not to gather the gleanings Leviticus 19:9
+ To leave the gleanings of a vineyard Leviticus 19:10
- Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard Leviticus 19:10
+ To leave the unformed clusters of grapes Leviticus 19:10
- Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes Leviticus 19:10
+ To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field Deuteronomy 24:19
- Not to retrieve them Deuteronomy 24:19
+ To separate the tithe for the poor Deuteronomy 14:28
+ To give charity Deuteronomy 15:8
- Not to withhold charity from the poor Deuteronomy 15:7
+ To set aside Sacrifies Gedolah (tithe for the Kohen) Deuteronomy 18:4
+ The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe Numbers 18:26
- Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order Exodus 22:28
- A non-Kohen must Not eat Sacrifies - portion of the grain, wine and oil separated for a priest prior to the Tithe Leviticus 22:10
- A hired worker or bondsman of a Kohen must Not eat Sacrifies Leviticus 22:10
- An uncircumcised Kohen must Not eat Sacrifices Exodus 12:48
- An impure Kohen must Not eat Sacrifies Leviticus 22:4
- A chalalah forbidden woman must Not eat Sacrifies Leviticus 22:12
+ To set aside Ma'aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite Numbers 18:24
+ To set aside the second tithe Deuteronomy 14:22
- Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment Deuteronomy 26:14
- Not to eat Second Tithe while impure Deuteronomy 26:14
- A mourner on the first day after death must Not eat Second Tithe the second tithe of grain, wine oil Deuteronomy 26:14
- Not to eat Second Tithe grains outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12:17
- Not to eat Second Tithe wine products outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12:17
- Not to eat Second Tithe oil outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12:17
+ The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Second Tithe Leviticus 19:24
+ To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year Deuteronomy 26:13
+ To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple Exodus 23:19
- The Kohanim priests must Not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12:17
+ To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation Deuteronomy 26:5
+ To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen Numbers 15:20
+ To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen Deuteronomy 18:3
+ To give the first sheering of sheep to a Kohen Deuteronomy 18:4
+ To redeem the firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen Numbers 18:15
+ To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen Exodus 13:13
+ To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does Not intend to redeem it Exodus 13:13
+ To rest the land during the seventh year by Not doing any work which enhances growth Exodus 34:21
- Not to work the land during the seventh year Leviticus 25:4
- Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year Leviticus 25:4
- Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner Leviticus 25:5
- Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way Leviticus 25:5
+ To leave free all produce which grew in that year Exodus 23:11
+ To release all loans during the seventh year Deuteronomy 15:2
- Not to pressure or claim from the borrower Deuteronomy 15:2
- Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss Deuteronomy 15:9
+ Count seven groups of seven years Leviticus 25:8
+Sanctify the fiftieth year Leviticus 25:10
+ To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves Leviticus 25:9
- Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Jubilee) Leviticus 25:11
- Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year Leviticus 25:11
- Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year Leviticus 25:11
+ Carry out the laws of sold family properties Leviticus 25:24
- Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely Leviticus 25:23
+ Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities Leviticus 25:29
- The Tribe of Levi must Not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in Deuteronomy 18:1
- The Levites must Not take a share in the spoils of war Deuteronomy 18:1
+ To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields Numbers 35:2
- Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites' before and after the Jubilee year Leviticus 25:34
+ To build a Sanctuary Exodus 25:8
- Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal Exodus 20:23
- Not to climb steps to the altar Exodus 20:26
+ To show reverence to the Temple Leviticus 19:30
+ To guard the Temple area Numbers 18:2
- Not to leave the Temple unguarded Numbers 18:5
+ To prepare the anointing oil Exodus 30:31
- Not to reproduce the anointing oil Exodus 30:32
- Not to anoint with anointing oil Exodus 30:32
- Not to reproduce the incense formula Exodus 30:37
- Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense Exodus 30:9
+ The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders Numbers 7:9
- Not to remove the staves from the ark Exodus 25:15
+ The Levites must work in the Temple Numbers 18:23
- No Levite must do another's work of either a Kohen or a Levite Numbers 18:3
+ To dedicate the Kohen for service Leviticus 21:8
+ The work of the Kohanim 's shifts must be equal during holy days Deuteronomy 18:6-8
+ The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service Exodus 28:2
- Not to tear the priestly garments Exodus 28:32
- The Kohen Gadol 's breastplate must Not be loosened from the Efod Exodus 28:28
- A Kohen must Not enter the Temple intoxicated Leviticus 10:9
- A Kohen must Not enter the Temple with long hair Leviticus 10:6
- A Kohen must Not enter the Temple with torn clothes Leviticus 10:6
- A Kohen must Not enter the Temple indiscriminately Leviticus 16:2
- A Kohen must Not leave the Temple during service Leviticus 10:7
+ To send the impure from the Temple Numbers 5:2
- Impure people must Not enter the Temple Numbers 5:3
- Impure people must Not enter the Temple Mount area Deuteronomy 23:11
- Impure Kohanim must Not do service in the temple Leviticus 22:2
+ An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service Leviticus 22:7
+ A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service Exodus 30:19
- A Kohen with a physical blemish must Not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar Leviticus 21:23
- A Kohen with a physical blemish must Not serve Leviticus 21:17
- A Kohen with a temporary blemish must Not serve Leviticus 21:17
- One who is Not a Kohen must Not serve Numbers 18:4
+ To offer only unblemished animals Leviticus 22:21
- Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar Leviticus 22:20
- Not to slaughter it Leviticus 22:22
- Not to sprinkle its blood Leviticus 22:24
- Not to burn its fat Leviticus 22:22
- Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal Deuteronomy 17:1
- Not to sacrifice blemished animals Leviticus 22:25
- Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals Leviticus 22:21
+ To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified Deuteronomy 12:15
+ To offer only animals which are at least eight days old Leviticus 22:27
- Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog Deuteronomy 23:19
- Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar Leviticus 2:11
+ To salt all sacrifices Leviticus 2:13
- Not to omit the salt from sacrifices Leviticus 2:13
+ Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 1:3
- Not to eat its meat Deuteronomy 12:17
+ Carry out the procedure of the sin offering Leviticus 6:18
- Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering Leviticus 6:23
- Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering Leviticus 5:8
+ Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering Leviticus 7:1
+ The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple Exodus 29:33
- The Kohanim must Not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard Deuteronomy 12:17
- A non-Kohen must Not eat sacrificial meat Exodus 29:33
+ To follow the procedure of the peace offering Leviticus 7:11
- Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood Deuteronomy 12:17
+ To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 2:1
- Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers Leviticus 5:11
- Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers Leviticus 3:11
- Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest Leviticus 6:16
- Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread Leviticus 6:10
+ The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings Leviticus 6:9
+ To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival Deuteronomy 12:5-6
- Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow Deuteronomy 23:22
+ To offer all sacrifices in the Temple Deuteronomy 12:11
+ To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple Deuteronomy 12:26
- Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard Leviticus 17:4
- Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard Deuteronomy 12:13
+ To offer two lambs every day Numbers 28:3
+ To light a fire on the altar every day Leviticus 6:6
- Not to extinguish this fire Leviticus 6:6
+ To remove the ashes from the altar every day Leviticus 6:3
+ To burn incense every day Exodus 30:7
+ To light the Menorah every day Exodus 27:21
+ The Kohen Gadol ("High Priest") must bring a meal offering every day Leviticus 6:13
+ To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Sabbath Numbers 28:9
+ To make the show bread Exodus 25:30
+ To bring additional offerings on Rosh Chodesh (" The New Month") Numbers 28:11
+ To bring additional offerings on Passover Numbers 28:19
+ To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat Leviticus 23:10
+ Each man must count the Omer - seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought Leviticus 23:15
+ To bring additional offerings on Shavout-Pentecost Day Numbers 28:26
+ To bring two leaves to accompany the above sacrifice Leviticus 23:17
+ To bring additional offerings on Trumpets Day Numbers 29:2
+ To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippurim - Atonements Day Numbers 29:8
+ To bring additional offerings on Sukkot Numbers 29:13
+ To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret Numbers 29:35
- Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished Deuteronomy 14 3
- Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions Leviticus 7:18
- Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them Leviticus 22:30
- Not to eat from that which was left over Leviticus 19:8
- Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure Leviticus 7:19
- An impure person must Not eat from sacrifices Leviticus 7:20
+ To burn the leftover sacrifices Leviticus 7:17
+ To burn all impure sacrifices Leviticus 7:19
+ To follow the procedure of Yom Kippurim - Atonements Day in the sequence prescribed in Parshat Acharei Mot ("After the death of Aaron's sons...") Leviticus 16:3
+ One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice Leviticus 5:16
- Not to work consecrated animals Deuteronomy 15:19
- Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals Deuteronomy 15:19
+ To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time Exodus 12:6
- Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven Exodus 23:18
- Not to leave the fat overnight Exodus 23:18
+ To slaughter the second Paschal Lamb Numbers 9:11
+ To eat the Paschal Lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the fourteenth of Nisan Exodus 12:8
+ To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar Numbers 9:11
- Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled Exodus 12:9
- Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group Exodus 12:46
- An apostate must Not eat from it Exodus 12:43
- A permanent or temporary hired worker must Not eat from it Exodus 12:45
- An uncircumcised male must Not eat from it Exodus 12:48
- Not to break any bones from the paschal offering Exodus 12:46
- Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering Numbers 9:12
- Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning Exodus 12:10
- Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning Numbers 9:12
- Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th Deuteronomy 16:4
+ To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavout-Pentecost Day, and Sukkot Deuteronomy 16:16
+ To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) Exodus 23:14
+ To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) Deuteronomy 16:14
- Not to appear at the Temple without offerings Deuteronomy 16:16
- Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites Deuteronomy 12:19
+ To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year Deuteronomy 31:12
+ To set aside the firstborn animals Exodus 13:12
- The Kohanim must Not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12:17
- Not to redeem the firstborn Numbers 18:17
+Separate the tithe from animals Leviticus 27:32
- Not to redeem the tithe Leviticus 27:33
+ Every person must bring a sin offering (in the temple) for his transgression Leviticus 4:27
+ Bring an asham talui (temple offering) when uncertain of guilt Leviticus 5:17-18
+ Bring an asham vadai (temple offering) when guilt is ascertained Leviticus 5:25
+ Bring an oleh v'yored (temple offering) offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) Leviticus 5:7-11
+ The Sanhedrin must bring an offering (in the Temple) when it rules in error Leviticus 4:13
+ A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh Leviticus 15:28-29
+ A woman who gave birth must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikveh Leviticus 12:6
+ A man who had a running (unnatural urinary) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after he goes to the Mikveh Leviticus 15:13-14
+ A metzora must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the Mikveh Leviticus 14:10
- Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice Leviticus 27:10
+ The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration Leviticus 27:10
- Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to aNother Leviticus 27:26
+ Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead Numbers 19:14
+ Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Para Aduma) Numbers 19:2
+ Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water Numbers 19:21
+ Rule the laws of human leprosy as prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 13:12
- The metzora a person afflicted with a skin disorder must Not remove his signs of impurity Deuteronomy 24:8
- The metzora a person afflicted with a skin disorder must Not shave signs of impurity in his hair Leviticus 13:33
- The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips Leviticus 13:45
+ Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora Leviticus 14:2
+ The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification Leviticus 14:9
+ Carry out the laws of tzara'at leprosy of clothing Leviticus 13:47
+ Carry out the laws of tzara'at leprosy of houses Leviticus 13:34
+ Observe the laws of menstrual impurity Leviticus 15:19
+ Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth Leviticus 12:2
+ Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman's running issue Leviticus 15:25
+ Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man's running issue Leviticus 15:3
+ Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast Leviticus 11:39
+ Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (insects) Leviticus 11:29
+ Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission Leviticus 15:16
+ Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods Leviticus 11:34
+ Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikveh to become pure Leviticus 15:16
+ The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox Exodus 21:28
+ The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating Exodus 22:4
+ The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit Exodus 21:33
+ The court must judge the damages incurred by fire Exodus 22:5
- Not to steal money stealthily Leviticus 19:11
+ The court must implement punitive measures against the thief Exodus 21:37
+ Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate Leviticus 19:36
- Not to commit injustice with scales and weights Leviticus 19:35
- Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are Not for use Deuteronomy 25:13
- Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone's property Deuteronomy 19:14
- Not to kidnap Exodus 20:13
- Not to rob openly Leviticus 19:13
- Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt Leviticus 19:13
- Not to covet and scheme to acquire aNother's possession Exodus 20:14
- Not to desire another's possession Deuteronomy 5:18
+ Return the robbed object or its value Leviticus 5:23
- Not to ignore a lost object Deuteronomy 22:3
+ Return the lost object Deuteronomy 22:1
- The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages aNother's property Exodus 21:18
- Not to murder Exodus 20:13
- Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer Numbers 35:31
+ The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge Numbers 35:25
- Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge Numbers 35:32
- Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial Numbers 35:12
+Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer Deuteronomy 25:12
- Not to pity the pursuer Numbers 35:12
- Not to stand idly by if someone's life is in danger Leviticus 19:16
+ Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access Deuteronomy 19:3
+ Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder Deuteronomy 21:4
- Not to work nor plant that river valley Deuteronomy 21:4
- Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property Deuteronomy 22:8
+ Make a guard rail around flat roofs Deuteronomy 22:8
- Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) (Lifnei iver) Leviticus 19:14
+ Help aNother remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it Exodus 23:5
+ Help others load their beast Deuteronomy 22:4
- Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) Deuteronomy 22:4
+ Buy and sell according to Torah law Leviticus 25:14
- Not to overcharge or underpay for an article Leviticus 25:14
- Not to insult or harm anybody with words Leviticus 25:17
- Not to cheat a sincere convert monetarily Exodus 22:20
- Not to insult or harm a sincere convert with words Exodus 22:20
+ Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws Exodus 21:2
- Not to sell him as a slave is sold Leviticus 25:42
- Not to work him oppressively Leviticus 25:43
- Not to allow one to work him oppressively Leviticus 25:53
- Not to have him do menial slave labor Leviticus 25:39
+Give him gifts when he goes free Deuteronomy 15:14
- Not to send him away empty-handed Deuteronomy 15:13
+ Redeem maidservants Exodus 21:8
+ Betroth the maidservant Exodus 21:8
- The master must Not sell his maidservant Exodus 21:8
+ Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs Leviticus 25:46
- Not to extradite a slave who fled to (Biblical) Israel Deuteronomy 23:16
- Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge Deuteronomy 23:16
+ The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard Exodus 22:9
+ Pay wages on the day they were earned Deuteronomy 24:15
- Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time Leviticus 19:13
+ The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works Deuteronomy 23:25
- The worker must Not eat while on hired time Deuteronomy 23:26
- The worker must Not take more than he can eat Deuteronomy 23:25
- Not to muzzle an ox while plowing Deuteronomy 25:4
+ The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower Exodus 22:13
+ The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard Exodus 22:6
+ Lend to the poor and destitute Exodus 22:24
- Not to press them for payment if you know they don't have it Exodus 22:24
+ Press the idolater for payment Deuteronomy 15:3
- The creditor must Not forcibly take collateral Deuteronomy 24:10
+ Return the collateral to the debtor when needed Deuteronomy 24:13
- Not to delay its return when needed Deuteronomy 24:12
- Not to demand collateral from a widow Deuteronomy 24:17
- Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food Deuteronomy 24:6
- Not to lend with interest Leviticus 25:37
- Not to borrow with interest Deuteronomy 23:20
- Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory Note Exodus 22:24
+ Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest Deuteronomy 23:21
+ The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier Exodus 22:8
+ Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance Numbers 27:8
+ Appoint judges Deuteronomy 16:18
- Not to appoint judges who are Not familiar with judicial procedure Deuteronomy 1:17
+ Decide by majority in case of disagreement Exodus 23:2
- The court must Not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required Exodus 23:2
- A judge who presented an acquittal plea must Not present an argument for conviction in capital cases Deuteronomy 23:2
+ The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning Deuteronomy 22:24
+ The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning Leviticus 20:14
+ The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword Exodus 21:20
+ The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation Leviticus 20:10
+ The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry Deuteronomy 21:22
+ Bury the executed on the day they are killed Deuteronomy 21:23
- Not to delay burial overnight Deuteronomy 21:23
- The court must Not let the sorcerer live Exodus 22:17
+ The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer Exodus 25:2
- The court must Not exceed the prescribed number of lashes Deuteronomy 25:3
- The court must Not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence Exodus 23:7
- The court must Not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime Deuteronomy 22:26
- A judge must Not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial Deuteronomy 19:13
- A judge must Not have mercy on the poor man at the trial Leviticus 19:15
- A judge must Not respect the great man at the trial Leviticus 19:15
- A judge must Not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor Exodus 23:6
- A judge must Not pervert justice Leviticus 19:15
- A judge must Not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan Deuteronomy 24:17
+ Judge righteously Leviticus 19:15
- The judge must Not fear a violent man in judgment Deuteronomy 1:17
- Judges must Not accept bribes Exodus 23:8
- Judges must Not accept testimony unless both parties are present Exodus 23:1
- Not to curse judges Exodus 22:27
- Not to curse the head of state or leader Exodus 22:27
- Not to curse any one Leviticus 19:14
+ Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court Leviticus 5:1
+ Carefully interrogate the witness Deuteronomy 13:15
- A witness must Not serve as a judge in capital crimes Deuteronomy 19:17
- Not to accept testimony from a lone witness Deuteronomy 19:15
- Transgressors must Not testify Exodus 23:1
- Relatives of the litigants must Not testify Deuteronomy 24:16
- Not to testify falsely Exodus 20:13
+ Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant Deuteronomy 19:19
+ Act according to the ruling of authorities Deuteronomy 17:11
- Not to deviate from the word of authorities Deuteronomy 17:11
- Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations Deuteronomy 13:1
- Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part Deuteronomy 13:1
- Not to curse your father and mother Exodus 21:17
- Not to strike your father and mother Exodus 21:15
+ Respect your father or mother Exodus 20:12
+ Fear your father or mother Leviticus 19:3
- Not to be a rebellious son Deuteronomy 21:18
+ Mourn for relatives Leviticus 10:19
- The High Priest must Not defile himself for any relative Leviticus 21:11
- The High Priest must Not enter under the same roof as a corpse Leviticus 21:11
- A Kohen must Not defile himself (by going to funerals or cemeteries) for anyone except relatives Leviticus 21:1
+ Appoint a king from Israel Deuteronomy 17:15
- Not to appoint a convert Deuteronomy 17:15
- The king must Not have too many wives Deuteronomy 17:17
- The king must Not have too many horses Deuteronomy 17:16
- The king must Not have too much silver and gold Deuteronomy 17:17
+ Destroy the seven Canaanite nations Deuteronomy 20:17
- Not to let any of them remain alive Deuteronomy 20:16
+ Wipe out the descendants of Amalek Deuteronomy 25:19
+ Remember what Amalek did to Israel the people Deuteronomy 25:17
- Not to forget Amalek's atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert Deuteronomy 25:19
- Not to dwell permanently in Egypt Deuteronomy 17:16
+ Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms Deuteronomy 20:10
- Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them Deuteronomy 23:7
- Not to destroy fruit trees even during the siege Deuteronomy 20:19
+ Prepare latrines outside the camps Deuteronomy 23:13
+ Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with Deuteronomy 23:14
+ Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war Deuteronomy 20:2
+ He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions Deuteronomy 24:5
- Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military Deuteronomy 24:5
- Not to panic and retreat during battle Deuteronomy 20:3
+ Keep the laws of the captive woman Deuteronomy 21:11
- Not to sell her into slavery Deuteronomy 21:14
- Not to retain her for servitude after having sexual relations with her Deuteronomy 21:14

Tracey R. Rich offers a different order of Rambam's list of the 613 Mitzvot (Commandments).

What does this all mean?

Consider a prayer: Please, God, guide me with Your Spirit as to what I should do about it.

Remember, the Bible is the book of life for life in the Kingdom of God. 

It was given to the world to show mankind how to live in the Kingdom on earth as it is in Heaven. 

The Torah, the instruction of God is the constitution of His Kingdom. It's true there are many Mitzvot or commands in the Scriptures we cannot observe today. After all. we don't offer daily sacrifices today because there is no Tabernacle with God's presence in the Holy of Holies.

But there is one that kept the wholeTorah of The Father. His name means salvation, and its Yeshua. 

So it is time for you to repent and return to God's covenant ways and walk like Jesus walked, do what Jesus did. Teach like Jesus taught and make disciples. 

It's time to go back and hear and keep God's word and walk in the faith of the Kingdom path so that you can ready your lamp for your coming life assignment. 

Almighty God is a sovereign God. He is a loving God and He has provided a way to offer everyone His eternal salvation from the penalty of sin in resurrection, but it can never be earned striving to walk in His image, because we'll always fall short and stumble, we are human.

The LORD's instructions are given to show us why we need Him. His salvation redemption response is a gift of lovingkindness mercy and grace and the gospel of God is you can accept God's gift of eternal life through His loving Father forgiveness that starts out with repentance. 

I pray that you will carefully consider what your life consists of, look at it honestly and repent of your ways and turn to God's ways. If you've ignore God's will for you, confess to your Creator, the Almighty God of Israel and ask His forgiveness and accept His gift of love and eternal life through Messiah Yeshua whose name means "salvation." 

Almighty God will bless you as you start your journey to walk in the Kingdom path just like Jesus did!

Please feel free to write to me anytime if I can help you in any way along your journey down the Emmaus Road.

Shalom and may God bless!